I have always been fascinated by families. They drive us crazy and they keep us sane. They are the rock upon which we stand, and can be the bane of our existence. We all know what it is like to be somebody’s child, and many of us know what it is like to be somebody’s parent or somebody’s sibling. But each of our experiences is so particular. So different. This article takes a closer look at 2 very basic questions – What is a family? What is a parent? These may seem like easy questions, but what seems obvious is often not. In the homes of people across the country, parent-child relationships arise from biology, adoption, and custom. I have worked with adoptive parents, single parents, step-parents, foster parents, same-sex parents and teens who become guardians for their younger siblings. I have worked with Fresh Air Fund families who end up adopting, and with parents whose rights have been terminated yet end up raising their children after all. I have been awed by people who will step up to the plate when their nieces and nephews and grandchildren need help. All of these children deserve the love and protection of the grown ups who care for them, and all of these different configurations create family relationships. Yet the law tends to lag behind the pace of real life — not all of these families are legally recognized as such. Parenthood is considered a fundamental Constitutional right — so this is an important legal question.